Russian military in Donbass (Ukraine)

This article is about Russian military invasion in post-Euromaidan Ukraine. For Russian annexation of Crimea, see Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation. For the unrest in eastern Ukraine, see 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine. For the ongoing military conflict in Donbass, see War in Donbass.
Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present)
Part of the Ukrainian crisis and 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine
2014 Russo-ukrainian-conflict map.svg
Areas held by the insurgents and Russia
Areas under the control of Ukraine
(Image last updated on: 11 September 2014.)
Date 20 February 2014 – ongoing
(3 years, 3 months, 3 weeks and 2 days)
Location Ukraine:
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimean Peninsula
Donetsk Oblast Donetsk Oblast[2] Luhansk Oblast Luhansk Oblast[2] Kherson Oblast Kherson Oblast[3] Russia:

Rostov Oblast[4][5] Black Sea (Sea of Azov)[6] Status
Unmarked Russian troops take over Crimea, seize military units,[7][8][9] fortify near Chonhar, Kherson Oblast[10][11][12] (abandoned by 9 December 2014)[13] Russian military buildup on Russian-Ukrainian border[14][15] NATO condemns Russian involvement, plans Rapid Trident military exercises in Ukraine,[16] reinforces members west of Ukraine.[17] US,[2] Ukraine[18] accuse Russia of orchestrating unrest in eastern and southern Ukraine
Russian invasion in the War in Donbass[19] Economic sanctions applied to Russia as a result of the invasion contribute to the Russian financial crisis that began in 2014[20][21][22][23] Territorial
Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation
Pro-Russian insurgents control strip along border from Novoazovsk to Luhansk
In Crimea:
Republic of Crimea
In Donbass:
Donetsk PR
Luhansk PR Ukraine Ukraine[1] Commanders and leaders
Standard of the President of the Russian Federation.svg Vladimir Putin
Russia Sergey Shoygu
Russia Valery Gerasimov
Russia Igor Sergun
Russia Aleksandr Vitko
Russia Denis Berezovsky
Russia Alexander Lentsov[24] In Crimea:
Republic of Crimea Sergey Aksyonov
In Donbass:
Donetsk People’s Republic Alexander Zakharchenko
Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Plotnitsky Presidential Standard of Ukraine.svg Oleksandr Turchynov
(February-June 2014)
Presidential Standard of Ukraine.svg Petro Poroshenko
(since June 2014)
Ukraine Stepan Poltorak
Ukraine Mykhailo Kutsyn
Ukraine Serhiy Hayduk
Units involved
Russian Armed Forces:

Ground Forces
18th Guards Motor Rifle Brigade[25] 9th Motorized Rifle Brigade (Nizhny Novgorod)[26] 200th Motor Rifle Brigade[27] Special Operations Forces[28][29][30][31] Airborne Troops
Russian 76th Airborne Division patch.svg 76th Airborne Division[32][33] Russian 98th Airborne Division patch.svg 98th Airborne Division[34] Russian 31st Airborne Brigade patch.svg 31st Airborne Brigade[25] Navy
Sleeve Insignia of the Russian Baltic Fleet.svg Baltic Fleet[35] Sleeve Insignia of the Russian Northern Fleet.svg Northern Fleet
Sleeve Insignia of the Russian Black Sea Fleet.svg Black Sea Fleet
Morskaja pehota Rossii.gif Marines
Generalstaff central dep.svg GRU[36]

22nd Spetsnaz Brigade[25][37] 45th Guards Spetsnaz Regiment[38] Armed Forces of Ukraine:

Ground Forces
Territorial defence battalions
Airmobile Forces
Air Force
Геральдичний знак – емблема МВС України.svg Internal Affairs Ministry:

National Guard
Azov Battalion
Donbas Battalion
Special tasks patrol police
«Dnipro-1» battalion emblem.jpg Dnipro Battalion
Kharkiv Battalion
Emblem of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine.png State Border Guard

Noman Çelebicihan Battalion
Security Service of Ukraine Emblem.svg Security Service

Нарукавний знак ЦСО СБУ.png SBU Alpha Group
Crimean Force:
25,000–30,000[39][40] Black Sea Fleet:
11,000 (including Marines)
30 + Warships
(incl. submarine)
4 Squadrons of fighter aircraft
(18 planes each)
Reinforcements: 16,000[41][42][43][44]–42,000[45] In Donbass:
7,500+ Russian infantry
[46][47][48] Armed Forces of Ukraine: +232,000
Casualties and losses
400–500 Russian soldiers killed (acc. U.S. DoS),[49] 12 captured[50] Unknown number of Donbass separatists killed
1 Crimean SDF trooper killed[51] 2,423 killed,[52] 6,820 wounded,[53] 378 missing,[54] 2,768 captured[55][56][57] Over 8,000 killed overall[58] (including 304 foreign civilians)[59][60][61][62] [show] v t e
Ukrainian crisis
[show] v t e
Post-Soviet conflicts
Ukrainian crisis
2014-02-21 11-04 Euromaidan in Kiev.jpg
Main topics
2014 Ukrainian revolution
Pro-Russian unrest
Russian military intervention
Annexation of Crimea
War in Donbass
Related topics
1954 transfer of Crimea
Russia–Ukraine relations
Human rights in Ukraine
Orange Revolution
Transnistria War
Russo-Georgian War
v t e
In 2014, Russia made several military incursions into Ukrainian territory. After Euromaidan protests and the fall of Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych, Russian soldiers without insignias took control of strategic positions and infrastructure within the Ukrainian te